Germany might have set a new record on renewable energy generation in the first half of 2014, by producing28.5% of its electrical energy entirely from renewable sources, according to a report released Tuesday by the German Association of Energy and Water (BDEW). The ISE Fraunhofer half yearly report for 2014 on the other hand shows that the combined share of Wind, Solar, Biomass and Hydro is 30.8% of the electricity generation in first half of 2014 (81.1 TWh of the 263 TWh total electricity production).
The industrial powerhouse of Europe, Germany is undergoing a massive shift in the way it produces energy as it attempts to become a country powered almost entirely by solar, wind, hydro and biomass energy sources. The net installed capacity rating of Wind and Solar power has already surpassed coal and gas production capacity in terms of GigaWatts peak (GWp) of installed power. (however, the renewable energy sources have low overall generation efficiency and hence a lower share of annul electricity production compared to the non-renewables).
In the first half of 2014, wind generation in Germany increased 21.4% while solar grew by 27.3%. Biomass also recorded an increase of 5.2%. These plants generated in the first half of 2014, some 22 billion kWh of electricity. Generation from conventional plants is declining in large parts: the share of natural gas in gross lignite-based power in the first half of 2014 went back again to its current 9.8 percent (H1 2013:. 11.4). Coal-fired power stations contributed expected to be 18 percent (19.7). Nuclear energy came to a share in the power generation of 15.4 percent (15.1). The share of lignite power plants has remained almost constant at 25.1 percent (25.3).
In absolute terms, the gross electricity generation lies in the first half of the year at 308 billion kWh (2013: 320). Lignite power plants generated thereby around 77 billion kilowatt hours (kWh) (81), coal-fired power plants approximately 56 (63) and natural gas power plants around 30 billion kWh (36). Nuclear power plants generated in the first six months of the year about 47 billion kWh (48). consumed energy and gas are in the first half of 2014 declined: Natural gas consumption amounted to 445.7 billion kWh (H1 2013:. 555.5 billion kWh). Thus, the natural gas consumption decreased by nearly 20 percent compared to the same period last year.
The decisive factor was the - drop significantly warmer weather in 2014, this was the use of natural gas for heat generation and CHP processes - especially in comparison to the cold first half of 2013. The decline in production in the chemical industry reinforced this trend. Adjusted temperature of the natural gas consumption fell by almost seven percent. , the power consumption in the same period by five percent to 268 billion kWh (2013: 282) back. This decrease was primarily the mild weather. Because of different economic development in the various industries, the decline was only partially compensated.
Article reference: BDEW.de (translated),
Image sources: bmwi.de, ise.fraunhofer.de
Recreated from original blog post authored by Nilesh Y. Jadhav at Solarika.org